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Development and application of industrial robot development and application of industrial robots
Time:2015-09-28    Source: Shanghai emperor Yue speed reducer manufacturing Co., Ltd.    View:323

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Abstract: With the continuous development of computer technology to the intelligent direction, the robot applications continue to expand and deepen, industrial robots has become a high-tech industry, industrial automation has played a huge role in the future will play a more productive and social development increasingly important role. This paper introduces the development and application of domestic and foreign trend of industrial robots, as well as economic benefits.
Keywords: industrial robot; development; application; benefit
1 Introduction
Industrial robot is a robot, which consists of the operating machine. Controller. Servo drive system and sensor device is configured, is a humanoid operation of automatic control, can be reprogrammed, can be completed in three hard space electromechanical integration of various operations automated production equipment, especially suitable for multi-species, variable volume flexible production . Its stability and improve product quality, increase productivity, improve working conditions rapid upgrading plays a very important role.
2 industrial robots benefits
Widely used industrial robots, we can gradually improve working conditions, more controllable production capacity, accelerate product upgrading. Increase productivity and ensure product quality, eliminate tedious work, to save labor, to provide a safer working environment, reduce labor intensity, reduce labor risks and improve the machine, reducing the workload of the process and reduce downtime and inventory, enhance the competitiveness of enterprises.
3 industrial robot development
As technology advances, the development process can be divided into three generations of industrial robots, the first - generation of teaching and playback type robot, which is mainly composed of robot controllers and teaching box composed, according to a pre-recorded message repeated action guide reproduction execution, the most current industry applications. Second generation feel robots, such as a strong sense of touch and vision, etc., it has the ability to adjust some outside feedback information, it has entered the application stage. Third generation intelligent robot which has the ability to perceive and understand the external environment, in the case of changes in the working environment, it is possible to successfully complete the task, it is still in the research phase.
3.1 Development of foreign industrial robot
The United States is the birthplace of the robot, as early as 1961, the United States ConsolidedControlCorp and AMF company jointly developed the first practical teaching-playback robot. After 40 years of development, the United States in the international community still Robotics has been a leader. Its comprehensive technology, advanced technology, strong adaptability.
Japan imported from the United States in 1967, the first robot, after 1976, with the rapid development of microelectronics and the market demand for a sharp increase in Japan was a significant shortage of labor, industrial robots in the enterprise by the "savior" as welcome, so Its rapid development of industrial robots in Japan, and now both the number of robots or robot density are highest in the world, known as "Robot Kingdom". Germany to introduce the robot later than the time of about five or six years the UK and Sweden, but the labor shortage caused by the war, a higher technical level of national social environment, but for the development of industrial robots, application provides favorable conditions. In addition, Germany provides for a number of hazardous, toxic, hazardous jobs, it must be based on a robot instead of ordinary labor. This opened up a wide range of markets for the application of the robot, and to promote the development of industrial robot technology. Currently, the total number of German industrial robot ranked second in the world after Japan.
The French government has been more emphasis on robotics, strongly supported by a series of research projects, established a complete system of science and technology, so that the development of French robot smoothly. In governmental organization projects, with particular emphasis on research-based robotics technology, to focus on applied research carried out on the robot. The work supported by industry and the development of applications, the two complement each other, so that the robot to the rapid development and popularity in the French business community, so that France has an essential place in the international world of industrial robots.
Ji late 1970s Britain, the implementation and the implementation of a series of measures to support robot development policies column, so the British industrial robots started even earlier than the great powers of today's robots in Japan, and had made earlier glory. However, this time the government imposed restrictions on the development of industrial robots error. This error caused the British robotics industry slump in Western Europe is almost at the bottom. In recent years, Italy, Sweden, Spain, Finland, Denmark and other countries due to high demand, the pace of development of their own domestic robot market very quickly. Currently, international companies on industrial robots are divided into Japanese and European. There are mainly Japanese Yaskawa, oTC, Panasonic, FANLUC, Fujio, Kawasaki and other products. European Department in the main German KUKA, CLOOS, Sweden's ABB, Italy and Austria U CO adjoin GM's work.
3.2 Development of domestic industrial robot
China's industrial robots started in the early 1970s, after 30 years of development, it has gone through three stages: the 1970s infancy, the development period of the 1980s and 1990s of applications. With the 1970s, the rapid development of world science and technology, the application of industrial robots in the world set off a climax, in this context, China in 1972 began to develop its own industrial robot. After entering the 1980s, along with the deepening of reform and opening up, under the impact of the wave of high-tech development and research of robot technology to get the government's attention and support, "Plan" period, state investment funds, workers robots and parts given to tackle the problems, completed the teaching-playback industrial robot technology package development, developed a painting, spot welding, arc welding and handling robots. , The National High Technology Research and Development Program began, after several years of research, made a large number of scientific research. Successfully developed a number of special robots.
From the beginning of 2O century 9O years, China's economy to achieve two fundamental changes into the period, setting off a new round of economic restructuring and technological progress boom, China's industrial robot and a major step forward in practice, has developed Industrial robots spot welding, arc welding, assembly, painting, cutting, handling, stacking and other uses, and implemented a number of robot application engineering, the formation of a number of industrial robots industrial base, the take-off of the robotics industry Foundation. However, compared with developed countries, there is a big gap between China's industrial robots.
At present, China's industrial robot company mainly Chinese New Song Machine Automation Co., Ltd. and Shougang Motoman Robot Co., Ltd.
Applications 4 industrial robots
With the depth and breadth of industrial robot development and to improve the level of intelligent robots, industrial robots have been applied in many fields. Extending from the traditional automobile manufacturing to non-manufacturing fields. Such as mining robots, robot construction and hydropower systems for maintenance and repair of robots. Application of national defense and military, health care, food processing, service and other areas of life, more and more industrial robots. Automobile manufacturing is a highly technical and capital intensive industries, is also the most widely used industrial robotics industry, accounting for almost half of the industrial robot over. In China, industrial robots were initially used in the automotive and mechanical engineering industries. Industrial robots in automobile production is a major brake of equipment in the vehicle and parts production of arc welding, spot welding, painting, handling, gluing, punching and other processes in the large-scale use. It is predicted that our country is entering a period of increased car ownership rate in the next few years, cars will continue at an annual rate of about 15% growth. So the next few years the demand for industrial robots will be showing a trend of rapid growth, the annual increase of about 50%, industrial robots used in China's auto industry will be rapid development.
In addition to a wide range of industrial robots in the automotive industry, electronics, food processing, non-metallic processing, consumer goods, and wood furniture processing industry demand for industrial robots is also growing rapidly. In Asia, the 2005 installation of industrial robots 72,600 units, compared with 2004, an increase of 40%, while the application in the electronics industry accounted for about 31%. In Europe, according to statistics in 2005 and 2004 relative to l: tI industrial robot applications in the food processing industry grew by about 17%, non-metal processing industry in the application of an increase of around 20%, in daily consumer goods industry grew by 32% In wood furniture processing industry grew by about 18%. Industrial robots in the oil also has a wide range of applications, such as offshore oil drilling, oil platforms, detection, oil refineries, pipeline welding large tanks and storage tanks, etc. can use the robot to complete. In the coming years, sensor technology, laser technology, engineering network technology will be widely applied in the fields of industrial robots work, the application of these technologies will make the industrial robot more efficient, high-quality, low running costs. It is predicted that in the future robots will be applied in medical, health, biotechnology and industry, education, disaster relief, marine development, machine maintenance, transportation and agriculture aquaculture and other fields.
5 Conclusion
In China, the industrial robot market share in most of the industrial robot by foreign enterprises occupy. In the face of strong international and domestic industrial robot companies face considerable competitive pressure. Today, China is "manufacturing" to "manufacturing power" forward from one of China's manufacturing industry is facing with international standards, a huge challenge to participate in international division of labor, to improve China's industrial automation imminent, the government will be sure to increase capital investment in robots and policy support, the development of industrial robots will give new impetus